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|Transcription||Mary J. Workman January 18, 1943 World Organization for Peace Machinery for International Collaboration in the Post War Period Except for a minority, there seems to be a rather general acceptance of the fact that some form of world organization is essential if there is to /be [sic] release from periodic world wars and if there is to be any hope of a just and orderly world society. The experience of the past twenty years, the development of world interdependence due to scientific advance and the ties of world trade, have convinced most of the sceptical [sic] who are wit-nesses to the colossal world catastrophe of today. Many eyes have been opened to the fact that isolation is neither possible nor desirable in the world of today. Since world organization is essential, what kind of organization shall it be? What kind of machinery will work most satisfactorily? Shall it be regional or continental? Shall it be ruled by force by a master race? Shall it be voluntary? Shall it be a federal union limited to democracies? Shall it be dominated by the United States and the British Com-monwealth of Nations? Shall it be a reorganized and strengthened League of Nations? Shall it be something entirely new? These are the proposals we must consider. If the axis [sic] were to decide, there would be one answer, viz., that all nations would serve the master race which would rule by force. From a booklet issued by the Commission to Study the Organization of Peace, entitled TOWARD GREATER FREEDOM, I shall quote these words: "" One reason why Hitler's attempt at organization of the world by force is more dangerous than any earlier attempts is that the world is now ripe for organization. We have seen how small our world is in terms of time and space and how each part is dependent on other parts for the things it needs. Today we are just one small world, but we do not seem to know it. Hitler is bringing that fact home to us by force. ' The alternative to organization by conquest is organization by consent. ' In other words, if we do not want Hitler's world unity based on force and conquest, we must hasten to set up a freely organized world intowhich [sic] nations will enter by their own consent."" We are determined that the Axis shall not decide the form of world organization. We are determined that the world shall be organized on a basis of freedom and of respect for human rights and personality.Among [sic] proposed plans are the following: (1)A [sic] central organization whether a League of Nations or a new type of organization and, within that world organization,groups [sic] of nations in the same region of the world united|